The Benefits of Younger Swimmers Racing Every Event


The Benefits of Younger Swimmers Racing Every Event

By Robert Griswold

In swimming, the topic of specialization of young athletes is often contentious and controversial. At the beginning of my career, I was extremely fortunate to grow up and participate in a program that put an emphasis on doing all different types of events.

Here are a few reasons why young athletes should swim a broad spectrum of events:

1. Helps Build a Training Base

When younger swimmers swim longer and more challenging events, it gives them the experience and the confidence to train harder and get faster.  It is often said that you can build a sprinter off a distance swimmer.  This is because every event requires some sort of aerobic base. This base helps a swimmer strongly finish any distance.

By not specializing at an early age, swimmers are able to build a well-rounded base for every stroke. One of my greatest swimming memories is one day after practice when I came home and told my parents that I was to swim the 500 freestyle at my next meet.  After I swam it, I took some of the basic aspects of the race like pacing and maintaining technique into practice which allowed me to get faster in all of my strokes.  Also, this well-rounded base allows the athlete to train multiple muscle groups leading to a reduced chance of injury.  Giving young athletes the ability to develop all muscle groups instead of overloading only certain groups, allows the athlete to specialize as they mature with a lower risk of injury.

2. Character Building

Swimming a wide range of events builds character.  I specifically remember many times earlier in my swimming career when I was forced to swim several difficult events over the course of a meet session or weekend.  At the time, I did not necessarily love swimming my non-dominant strokes and events, but eventually it paid dividends.

For many young swimmers, competing in new events is a terrifying experience. Some seem so long– they cannot be humanly possible to complete. But once the race is over, many young swimmers feel a tremendous sense of accomplishment. For example, the 200 butterfly is an event many young athletes shy away from because of it’s a high endurance and strength race.  Swimming different length races puts each race in perspective.  If someone swims a 1650 yard freestyle, they realize that the 200 yard freestyle is not as long as they once thought. When I was 12 years old, I swam the 1000 yard freestyle on the first day of a meet.  The next day, I swam the 200 yard freestyle and I said to myself, “Wow, that was insanely short!” From that day on, I did not really think of a 200 freestyle as long.

3. Reduces Burnout

Over the course of my swimming career, I have experienced times where I have plateaued in certain events and excelled in others.  Many times, I would be dropping time in one stroke discipline and then I would go through a period of time where I did not drop any time.  I distinctly remember when I moved out of the 11-12 age group and moved into the 13-14 age group.  At the time, I was strictly a backstroker and I did not really think about anything else.  When I aged up, the times got so much faster and I stopped progressing in my backstroke events. However, because I had been forced to swim other types of events at a younger age, I found it easier to stay motivated and still drop time in other events until my backstroke came around again.

4. Evaluate strengths and weaknesses

Let’s be honest, not every swimmer is going to be the best ever at the 50 freestyle or the 100 backstroke. However, when a swimmer gets to swim a wide range of events, it gives them an opportunity to experiment and determine what races fit them. I fell in love with distance swimming in my early teenage years.  I was amazed with the stroke efficiency, the even pacing of many of the top distance swimmers, and trying to emulate them day after day in practice.  Then there were the struggles that came with sprinting. Without my background in racing several events, it would have been extremely difficult to determine where my natural talent was.

All commentaries are the opinion of the author and do not necessarily reflect the views of Swimming World Magazine nor its staff.


  1. Karen Sing

    So they fall asleep in the car on the way home from practice?

  2. Carolyn McDonald

    In the era my daughter was competing everybody swum every event they qualified at especially at district level for club point scores.

  3. Amanda Jordan

    Allyn Kalaiwaa could be useful when justifying to a kid why they’re swimming whatever event

  4. Debra Murane Eagleton

    My kids swam from a young age. On the advice from a good friend my kids always swam the IM . Best advice ever!

  5. Karah Coe Curtis

    On my club team as a kid you got to earn to be on the BRUTE SQUAD once you swam the Mile, 400 IM, 200 Fly and I think the 500 free in a meet. I was a sprinter but took on the challenge just for a shirt! Interesting that according to this article that did more than earn me a shirt!!! #missmasters Morgan EmpeyChing ChiaTodd ConradAlan BaumgardnerNaomi Kubo Peters

  6. Heather Raley

    Valerie Delia Thier, Elizabeth Powell Krall – Perhaps this is why Joe made this sprinter swim the 200 fly and 400 IM LCM at those 3-day USS meets! Though one could argue that it was already well established that they would not fall under my ‘strengths’ category. Perhaps he just wanted more rest time for the other swimmers between events 😉

  7. avatar

    Swimming a variety of different events such as the 200 fly and 400 IM helped me out of my plateau. I was mainly a breaststroker and had a difficult time adjusting to my strok after I began growing. Experimenting with longer events, something I had been exposed to during my younger swimming years, helped me not only recover, but thrive in the past two years.

    Great article!

  8. Laurel Carpenter

    Michael Adelia Carpenter thank you for encouraging IM from the start!

  9. Dennis McKenna

    I agree as a coach, but looking back I don’t think I feel bad about never swimming the 200 back or 200 breast, I really didn’t want to have the meet go into darkness

  10. avatar
    Catherine Girard

    IM’er here. Best part? There’s always something to work on! And you become stronger all the way around!

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