Swimming World Presents “Swimming Technique Concepts: The Prevalence of Shoulder Problems in Swimming”

STC Shoulder Pain Chart Havriluk Swimming World August 2019 1000x720

Swimming Technique Concepts: The Prevalence of Shoulder Problems in Swimming

By Dr. Rod Havriluk

Shoulder pain has been a problem in swimming for many decades, prompting numerous studies. The most disturbing finding of this research: shoulder injuries are as prevalent now as they were 40 years ago. This is especially troubling given what we know about technique adjustments to prevent shoulder injury. To decrease the number of shoulder problems, it is vital that injury management strategies emphasize prevention and not just provide treatment. The prevalence of shoulder injuries in swimming is well-documented.

A shoulder injury usually manifests itself by causing a swimmer pain. In many of the studies, pain was defined as interfering with normal training. In other studies, injury was defined by a clinical finding. Based on the definitions from these studies, pain and injury have a similar impact on training and performance, and are essentially synonymous.

In spite of the large amount of documented evidence from the last several decades, shoulder injury is still extremely common. Unfortunately, little has been done to address the issue even though much is known about the risk factors for injury and the technique adjustments that would minimize injury. It is essential that swimming organizations acknowledge the magnitude of the shoulder injury problem to precipitate a change in injury management.

Instead of changing to alleviate the problem, it appears that the culture of swimming is actually contributing to the problem. For example, swimmers are sometimes reluctant to report injury due to peer pressure (Becker, 2011). It has even been said that “the culture of competitive swimming is such that coaches and teammates do not tolerate missed training” (Johnson, 2003).

Dr. Rod Havriluk is a sports scientist and consultant who specializes in swimming technique instruction and analysis. His new book, “Swimming Without Pain,” is a comprehensive guide to preventing and rehabilitating shoulder injuries, available at www. swimmingtechnology.com. You can contact Rod through info@ swimmingtechnology.com. All scientific documentation relating to this article, including scientific principles, studies and research papers, can be provided upon demand.

To read more about the studies on shoulder problems among swimmers,
check out the full July 2019 issue of Swimming World Magazine, available now

Swimming World August 2019 Cover Torri Huske

Get Swimming World Magazine and Swimming World Biweekly FREE When You
Become A Member of the International Swimming Hall of Fame

Want More? Subscribe With This Special 2-Year Offer!

New! 1-Year Digital Only Subscription for just $39.95 Order Now!

Non-Subscribers Can Download This Issue For Only $5.94

FEATURES

016 EXPLOSIVELY FAST…AND ONLY A SOPHOMORE
by Dan D’Addona
Torri Huske of Yorktown High School in Arlington, Va., is a national high school record holder, the fastest female this past high school season in two individual events and Swimming World’s Female High School Swimmer of the Year. And she still has two more years remaining of high school!

018 SHARING THE SAME PATH TO SUCCESS
by David Rieder
Swimmers Carson Foster and Luca Urlando: both are high school juniors…both were U.S. teammates and four-time gold medalists at the 2018 Junior Pan Pacs in Fiji…and both were named as Swimming World’s Male High School Co-Swimmers of the Year. And they also share the Olympic dream of competing next year in Tokyo!

022 THE BATTLE FOR FIRST
by Dan D’Addona and David Rieder
Not only did this year’s top high school swimmers turn in impressive performances, but six of the top eight will be returning next season, providing optimism for another year of fast swimming.

024 TOP HIGH SCHOOL RECRUITS
by Chandler Brandes
Swimming World takes a look at the swimmers it considers to be the 10 best high school recruits (both male and female) from the Class of 2019 and where they’ll be attending college in the fall.

027 HISTORY IS ON THEIR SIDE
by David Rieder
Back before Mack Horton, Mireia Belmonte, Tyler Clary, Kyle Chalmers and Caeleb Dressel became Olympic gold medalists, they were World Junior champions. Who will emerge from the 2019 FINA World Junior Championships and follow the same path as many of those before them?

029 PIONEERS OF TITLE IX
by Bruce Wigo
Swimming World takes a look back to the years when there were only isolated opportunities for girls to swim while in high school. We also remember two pioneers who helped make swimming a high school sport for women: Donna de Varona and Sandra Bucha.

032 NUTRITION: AROUND THE TABLE WITH MICHIGAN LAKESHORE AQUATICS (Part 3)
by Dan D’Addona and Dawn Weatherwax

COACHING

010 LESSONS WITH THE LEGENDS: JERRY HOLTREY
by Michael J. Stott

014 SWIMMING TECHNIQUE CONCEPTS: THE PREVALENCE OF SHOULDER PROBLEMS IN SWIMMING
by Rod Havriluk
Shoulder injuries are as prevalent now as they were 40 years ago. This is especially troubling given what we know about technique adjustments to prevent shoulder injury. To decrease the number of shoulder problems, it is vital that injury management strategies emphasize prevention and not just provide treatment.

036 SPECIAL SETS: LISA BRATTON—WOMAN AT WORK
by Michael J. Stott
Coaches preach that swimming is a process, a journey honed by dedication and perseverance. Presenting Exhibit No. 1: professional swimmer Lisa Bratton.

038 TRAINING PARTNERS
by Michael J. Stott
While pool and open water practice may seem dissimilar, the two are actually remarkably complementary. Open water offers a host of transferable skills, including variety, aerobic benefit and strategic training.

041 Q&A WITH COACH RICK ROWLAND
by Michael J. Stott

042 HOW THEY TRAIN SCOTT TOLMAN
by Michael J. Stott

TRAINING

013 DRYSIDE TRAINING: CHAMPIONSHIP SPEED
by J.R. Rosania

JUNIOR SWIMMER

034 GOLDMINDS: WE, NOT ME!
by Wayne Goldsmith
What makes swimming teams great? It’s the power of selflessness.

045 UP & COMERS: ERIN GEMMELL
by Shoshanna Rutemiller

COLUMNS

008 A VOICE FOR THE SPORT

009 BEYOND THE YARDS

031 DID YOU KNOW? CLARE DENNIS

044 HASTY HIGH POINTERS

046 GUTTER TALK

048 PARTING SHOT