IWD: A Season Of Plenty For Debbie Meyer -Memories Of Momentum & Magnitude

debbie-meyer-1968
Debbie Meyer - Photo Courtesy: International Swimming Hall of Fame ISHOF)

International Women’s Day

To mark IWD, Swimming World is recalling some of the pathfinders of women’s swimming, like Debbie Meyer, who next month will co-host the induction ceremony of the Class of 2020 at the International Hall of Fame she graces as swimmer back then, compare now alongside Rowdy Gaines.

So far in our celebration of IWD 2020:

From the archive, published by SwimVortex

Here we delve into the archives of Craig Lord and John John, first recalling Meyer’s 1967 season and a meeting with the triple Olympic champion 40 years on; and then an extract from John’s “Most Memorable Moments In Olympic Swimming”, looking back at the crowning glory of Meyer’s golden career, Mexico City 1968:

From the Craig Lord Archive: 2017 – Marking The 50th Anniversary of A Stellar 1967 Season For A Star Ascending

What a summer it was for Debbie Meyer, one of the all-time greats of swimming: 1967. It started with a world record of 9:35.8 over 800m free for the American on July 9, 1967, on the way to an 18:11.1 pioneering mark over 1500m.  That 800m mark would be reduced to 9:22.9 just 20 days later, two days after she had set her first 400m global standard, on 4:32.6, a 4:29.0 following 22 days later.  To polish of a record-breaking run of  six global standards in less than six weeks, Meyer  delivered the first sub-18mins effort over 30 laps: 17:50.2, this weekend 50 years ago.

Meyer ended up breaking four 1500m records and 15 global standards on freestyle over 200m, 400m, 800m and 30 laps.

The 1500m record of 17.50.2 came 45 years almost to the day after Helen Wainwright had got the official world-record for 1500m rolling with a 25mins 06.6 effort on August 19, 1922.

Back in 2007 …

Meeting Debbie Meyer – 2007 the morning after the ISHOF dinner

Debbie Meyer – all images, Sacramento Hall of Fame video stills

Having stuck to the gentleman’s code of never asking a lady to reveal her age, it was only while waiting at 4.30am for our lift to the airport to arrive outside the hotel in Fort Lauderdale that I put time, date and history together to realise that Debbie Meyer looks at the very least a decade younger than her years.

Beyond the athletic cut, the mind is keen, the killer instinct alive and kicking in a 1968 triple Olympic champion who dominated events in Mexico City and held more world records over 200 and 400m freestyle than any other woman ever has done.

Commenting on what a struggle it had been to get my bags packed and get down in time a few hours after the International Swimming Hall of Fame’s annual gala dinner had waved everyone goodbye, Meyer looked up, not a hint of the bedraggled about her, and said coolly in a soft Californian drawl: “Yeah, I knew it’d be like that, so I got everything done last night before the dinner.”

Life skills, entrenched disciplines, all still burning bright in a woman who describes herself as being “probably in best shape of my life since I quit swimming”. The only doubt is in the word probably.

Meyer trained at Arden Hills in Sacramento with the club owner and a man who would be 1968 and 1972 US Olympic head coach, Sherm Chavoor, mentor to Mark Spitz, both as an age-grouper and then again when the man who would win a record seven Olympic gold was kicked off the Santa Clara squad by George Haines (a man with plenty of his own coaching lessons in wisdom and strength).

Chavoor had a reputation, like so many leading coaches, for being a hard taskmaster but Meyer knew a different, decent man.

“Everyone considered him a Simon Legree [Legree is the vicious slave-driving plantation owner of author Harriet Beecher Stowe’s imagination in the classic Uncle Tom’s Cabin, an 1852 book that had a profound effect on American attitudes towards slavery and contributed to the environment that gave rise to the American Civil War], but you know he had a heart of gold and you worked for him, you respected him. If he said ‘jump’, you said ‘how high’.”

He had a soft-spot for Meyer too: “He loved us all as swimmers and I know that a lot of kids on the team thought he loved me more and when they wanted something they’d ask me ‘you go ask him’ and I would. I’d jump through hoops for him. I was young, just 13 when we moved there (Sacramento), not for swimming but because my father was transferred there with Campbell’s Soup.”

Day one of Chevoor’s tutelage had Meyer looking for somewhere else to spend her time. “I was ready to walk out, ready to quit. I came from a programme in a 4-lane 25-yard pool that did 500 yards a day. We had 80 girls on the team and not much swimming got done. That first day I could only manage maybe 500 yards, and did 100 yards. I was ready to give up but that night my mom said ‘you know, you’re not going to stay home and watch TV all the time’, so I decided to give it another try and day after day after day …”

Meyer rolls one hand over the other, indicating that as the days passed, she began to thrive on the routine and the work.

“Within three months I was up to 5,000 yards a day practice and there was a lot of determination, dedication and desire in me and that makes people successful. And he (Chevoor) brought it out of me.”

Debbie Meyer – Sacramento Hall of Fame video stills

And how. Meyer was born Deborah Elizabeth on August 14, 1952 in Annapolis, Maryland. Sixteen years on she became the first swimmer to win three Olympic golds in individual events at one Games, over 200, 400 and 800m freestyle, all in Olympic records.

Altitude and a severe stomach complaint prevented Meyer, an asthma sufferer, from being at her fastest on the clock in Mexico, though in pure race terms, she crushed her opponents, the 11-second advantage she held over 16 laps remaining the biggest winning margin over 800m in Olympic history. Her career bests were 4:24.3, the 1970 world record over 400m, and 9:10.4, the global standard in 1968.

Meyer was voted “World Swimmer of the Year” in 1967, 1968, 1969, was the 1968 Sullivan Award winner, the first woman to swim 1500m under 18 minutes, the first under 4:30 over 400m. She held 24 US records. She was inducted into the Swimming Hall of Fame in Florida in 1977. Thirty years on, she was back as co-host with another of the all-time greats, Donna de Varona, at the induction of the champions who followed on.

In the seven years up to the 1968 Olympic Games, Meyer estimates that she swam 30,000 miles (though she admits never keeping a written record of anything), setting training standards unprecedented at the time and in doing so, taking women’s swimming to places few had then imagined possible: her 4:24.5 400m, for example, would have beaten Murray Rose at the 1956 Olympics, while her 17:19.9 1500m would have whacked the Aussie legend by 39 seconds.

Meyer talks of the three D’s of her early career and the three M’s (she notes how appropriate the acronym is to her name) that she has added to her portfolio of wisdom over the years: desire, determination and dedication are what brought her success, the legacy of which is caught up in Olympic memories, momentum and magnitude of the message being passed on to generations that flow from one to the next in the world’s only true aquatic superpower, taken in the context of the consistency of success over many decades.

The coach-swimmer relationship was also critical, she says. Chevoor was a coach who couldn’t swim. “He could probably save himself in the shallow end,” laughed Meyer. But it mattered not a jot what the coach was capable of in water. The strength of a man who flew 35 successful missions over Europe in WWII rested in his motivation to move on. “He was a very driven person,” said Meyer.

Chavoor, millionaire owner of the Arden Hills Swimming and Tennis Club, coached his charges to 83 world records and 131 American records. In 1968 and 1972 alone, Arden Hills produced 16 gold, two silvers and three bronzes at the Olympics, at the helm, Spitz, Meyer and Mike Burton.

The other essential element in Meyer’s mix was an unbending will to do what she was doing. It is a rare gene, one that in pure swimming terms she did not pass on to her two children, Carly, 23, and Colin, 21, who paddled for a while before dipping out into other sports and realms of life, while stepdaughter Rachel, 20, is proving to be the most athletic of the three.

“Carly was a fabulous swimmer she still has feel for water, her stroke looks like mine. My son is a good breaststroke swimmer, but I have nothing to say to him because I can’t do breaststroke worth beans,” says Meyer.

“They just didn’t have the drive, the desire to go out and do that. People say ‘why didn’t you drive them’? But they’re the ones who have to go out and get to workout like I did. My parents always told me ‘you’re the one who has to get up, go swim and go workout. You decide when to quit. It’s not our sport, at least not their choice.”

And when it stopped being hers, she stopped swimming. Accepted wisdom holds Meyer’s retirement date as somewhere in the middle of the Olympic cycle in 1970. In fact it was January 1972, the month in which Shane Gould broke the world 100m record that she had shared for eight months with Dawn Fraser – within a 12-month period in which Gould launched an assault on the record books, setting new standards over every distance from 100 to 1,500m.

Dawn Fraser with the kids who can swim – she wants the ones who can’t to learn – courtesy of Swim Australia

Shane Gould (NT Archive)

It was in fact Karen Moras who overhauled Meyer’s records, before Gould took the lead and went on to clock the first sub-4min 20sec 400m freestyle at the Munich Games of 1972, a time of 4:19.04 winning her one of three gold out of five individual medals.

Was the onset of such talent responsible for Meyer’s decision? No, said the breaker of 15 of her own world long-course records from 200m to 1,500m (no woman has held as many global standards over 200 and 400m as Meyer did, at five for each distance). “I got out of practice one day and I thought ‘I’m not enjoying this anymore’, and that was that. I was nineteen and a half, I kinda knew where I was in my life, and I was ready to try other things.”

Meyer was hired as an expert for the Associated Press agency at the Munich Olympic Games, while “Sherm got me into village by getting me a US shirt – that was how lax it was back then. I absolutely loved it”. Did she watch Gould and wonder, what if? “No … when I lost the drive, I knew I wouldn’t be succsessful and I knew it was time to let someone on the team who is hungry have the stage”.

The journey down from the Olympian Heights (quite literally in the case of Mexico) was not all-plain sailing. A week after informing Chevoor of her decision, Meyer went skiing, enjoyed it and went back for more, only to break an ankle. “I had a cast on my leg for three months,” Meyer recalls. “I ate for three months too, and didn’t exercise a lot. I ballooned up to 180lbs.”

It was while in that lapsed condition that Meyer started to coach a local swim team in her home town of Sacramento. The wake-up call rang in her head as she delivered a healthy message to local parents: “I was saying, ‘look, get your kids into sport, its great for their health’, but there was this two-tonne Tilly standing in front of them.”

The skills that had served her so well in life had slipped.

“So, I got back into a routine of taking care of myself and not wallowing in ‘woe is me, what do I do now, people want to know me for what I did, not who I am now’. I think a lot of athletes go through that, the ones that are successful. When I was at UCLA, I definitely felt that. I hated LA (Los Angeles). I loved the school, but I hated LA. I moved back to Sacramento.”

And that is where you will find her today, running the Debbie Meyer Swim School at Carmichael, just two miles from the Arden Hill pool in which she trained her way to sporting immortality. The point of the school is not, she notes, to “breed Olympic champions … I want kids safe in the water, I want adults safe in the water”.

The school was born out of adversity. “I was coaching out of California State University at Sacramento when they decided to cut the team. Suddenly I was an unemployed single mum. My grandmother died, I got divorced, Sherman died and I found myself unemployed – all in a six-week period,” Meyer explained.

“So, you know, I used everything I learned from swimming to make the school successful. Swimming teaches you life skills: from the get go, you’re learning as an age grouper things you wouldn’t learn elsewhere. The journey into it isn’t regimented. I like all the leisure, recreation-round sports, they get kids in to give them a taste, to see what they like.”

Meyer’s first swim lesson was to an autistic girl. The champion found the experience “very rewarding”, and right now she is working with adaptive swimmers. “I have worked with special Olympic kids, spina bifida kids, blind children, cerebral palsy kids … they can all drown just as easily as other people.” She is delighted to hear the tale of Australian open-water swimmer Susie Maroney, who recently revealed that she and her twin brother were born with cerebral palsy but kept the condition in abeyance through swimming.

Debbie Meyer – the first and only woman to win three solo Olympic freestyle titles – images, stills from the International Swimming Hall of Fame and Sacramento Hall of Fame

Meyer takes to the water for her own sake still to this day. She even returned to a starting block for the world masters championships in Perth but is not one of those who takes it all very seriously. “I trained at Stanford for six weeks to get fit and had a ball. People I swam against in Mexico cleaned my clock but I didn’t care. I had a ball. My sprint times are not that far off what I did when I was younger but the distance times, well … “.

Asked to name the highlight of her swimming life, she replies: “That’s really hard. Donna (de Verona) and Claudia Kolb did two Olympics and that was an amazing thing back then. In the Sixties we had one international competition a year if we were lucky. My whole career was special because I did it because I loved it. I was inducted in the National High School Hall of Fame recently but I didn’t swim in college because there was no swim programme for girls in those days. I still get honours and every one has a special place because it comes at a very different stage of your life.”

She may not wish to say it – and it appears not to be in her nature to be boastful – but she clearly holds very dear indeed the memory of her Olympic achievements, one to be found on her car licence plate: 3GOLD68.

“Its been such a rewarding life,” says Meyer. “I wouldn’t trade it for the world.” She glances down the hall as guests arrive for the Hall of Fame dinner. De Varona, Mickey King, the much-loved coach Jack Nelson, former Hall of Fame president, author and historian Buck Dawson, current CEO doing much to revitalise the Hall, Bruce Wigo. Penny Heyns breezes past looking like a million dollars on legs. Old friends, new friends.

“God, she looks so gorgeous,” says Meyer with a deep smile. “I love all of this. I love reminiscing. I never put anything down on paper, didn’t keep diaries, so it’s wonderful jogging my senior moment memory. It’s great fun to go back. Its what life’s about. We’re family.

More Memories

Meyer’s World-Record Vault:

200m free
2:06.7 Debbie Meyer August 24, 1968
 400m free
4:32.6 Debbie Meyer 27 Jul 1967
4:29.0 Debbie Meyer 18 Aug 1967
4:26.7 Debbie Meyer 1 Aug 1968
4:24.5 Debbie Meyer 25 Aug 1968
4:24.3 Debbie Meyer 20 Aug 1970
 800m free
9:35.8 Debbie Meyer Jul 9, 1967
9:22.9 Debbie Meyer Jul 29, 1967
9:19.0 Debbie Meyer Jul 21, 1968
9:17.8 Debbie Meyer Aug 4, 1968
9:10.4 Debbie Meyer Aug 28, 1968
1500m free
25:06.6 Helen Wainwright Aug 19, 1922
18:11.1 Debbie Meyer Jul 9, 1967
17:50.2 Debbie Meyer Aug 20, 1967
17:31.2 Debbie Meyer Aug 21, 1968
17:19.9 Debbie Meyer Aug 17, 1969

From the archive – an extract from John Lohn’s “Most Memorable Moments In Olympic Swimming” 

Until Katie Ledecky came along, Debbie Meyer stood alone in Olympic lore as the only individual to capture three freestyle titles at a single Olympiad. The 48th anniversary of her final win, a triumph in the 800 freestyle, is celebrated today (Oct. 24), and it was that golden moment which gave Ledecky yet another feat to chase many years later in Rio de Janeiro.

A study of the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City typically produces three standout moments. There was the effect of altitude, which at more than 7,000 feet contributed to breathing and endurance issues for the athlete. There was the political statement made by Tommie Smith and John Carlos during the medal ceremony for the 200-meter dash, the track athletes raising black-gloved fists to raise awareness of human rights, particularly those of the black race. There was the flight of Bob Beamon, whose long jump of more than 29 feet broke the world record by nearly two feet and endured as the global standard for more than two decades.

Overshadowed in Mexico City was the story of a teenage girl who achieved a feat in the pool which had never before been accomplished, and went unmatched until the excellence of Katie Ledecky in Rio de Janeiro. No, Debbie Meyer did not receive the same attention as the elevation of the host city or the same hype as members of the American track and field squad. Those in swimming circles, however, have a deep appreciation for Meyer, considered a legend in the distance events.

By the time she was a 14-year-old, Meyer was a major factor on the international scene. She had broken world records in the 400 freestyle, 800 freestyle and 1500 freestyle and the buzz concerning her talent couldn’t be slowed. As the latest in a long line of young girls to emerge as aquatic superstars, Meyer was viewed as a leading hope for American success at the 1968 Games. Those expectations only grew when Meyer won a pair of gold medals at the 1967 Pan American Games and continued to break world records.

debbiemeyer3Still, it’s one thing to be surrounded by hype and quite another to perform under the pressure. For Meyer, there was never a sign of strain linked to the lofty predictions attached to her name. She simply went about her business, as a fun-loving teenager and star athlete. At the 1968 Olympic Trials, Meyer set world records in the 200 freestyle, 400 freestyle and 800 freestyle, making her an overwhelming favorite to prevail in Mexico City.

Trained by Sherman Chavoor at the Arden Hills Swim Club in California, Meyer had a happy-go-lucky demeanor about her, a personality which was highlighted in numerous newspaper and magazine articles, including a Sports Illustrated profile. Sure, Meyer was aware of her status as a world-record holder and the woman to beat at the 1968 Games, but she handled her position with aplomb. She said:

“There are a lot of girls who’d love to beat me. That puts pressure on me. But I just try to stay calm and set goals for myself.”

Beyond the official Olympic videos of Meyer’s dominance are several archive memories from around the world:

The emergence of Meyer as a star coincided with a favorable change for the youngster in the Olympic swimming schedule. The 1968 Games marked the first time the 200 freestyle and 800 freestyle were part of the women’s program, consequently providing Meyer with an opportunity to showcase her range. Prior to 1968, female swimmers were limited to the 100 freestyle and 400 freestyle, a minimized schedule which surely denied a few of Meyer’s predecessors – Martha Norelius, Helene Madison, Lorraine Crapp and Dawn Fraser, in particular – the chance to bolster their gold-medal totals.

A 16-year-old student at Rio Americano High School in Sacramento, California when the 1968 Games were held, Meyer may have found the high altitude of Mexico City as an advantage. As an asthmatic, Meyer was familiar with enduring practices or races with breathing problems. In the thin air of Mexico City, her rivals came to understand how difficult it can be to compete in top form when oxygen debt is a factor.

Regardless of the conditions, Meyer was a focal point from the start. She opened with a convincing victory in the 400 freestyle in 4:31.8, almost four seconds clear of her American teammate Linda Gustavson. Meyer then followed with a half-second triumph over fellow American Jan Henne in the 200 freestyle, a win which set the stage for a run at history.

But before Meyer got the chance to contest the 800 freestyle and become the first individual – male or female – to win a gold medal in three freestyle events at the same Olympics, she was hit hard by a stomach bug. For a few days, Meyer was in bad shape, a case of Montezuma’s Revenge keeping Meyer close to a bathroom. But she was not going to miss the 800 freestyle due to illness and went to work in less-than-prime condition.

After winning her preliminary of the 800 freestyle, Meyer turned up the pace in the championship final, recording a winning time of 9:24.0, more than 11 seconds quicker than silver medalist Pam Kruse of the United States.

Chavoor said of his pupil’s dominance in Mexico City:

“I still get goose bumps when I think about it. She was a hell of an athlete. She was in a class by herself.”

In less than a week, Meyer made history and was viewed as the queen of her sport. Had she come along in a different era, Meyer could have cashed in on her fame. Nonetheless, she was pleased with what she achieved. Said Meyer:

“I wasn’t into it for the monetary reasons. I was interested in swimming, working out, traveling, making friends and setting challenges.”

Debbie Meyer - all images, Sacramento Hall of Fame video stills

Debbie Meyer – all images, Sacramento Hall of Fame video stills

Following her Olympic excellence, Meyer returned to training, her sights set on pursuing additional gold medals at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich. With world records in the 400 freestyle and 1500 freestyle following her exploits in Mexico City, there was reason to believe Meyer had the ability to add to her medal collection, even if Australia’s Shane Gould was a fast-rising star.

But at the beginning of 1972, Meyer decided she was done. She didn’t possess the same passion and desire which catapulted her to unprecedented success in 1968. Whether she would have enhanced her Olympic portfolio will remain a mystery, although it was clear she had improved since her first Olympic foray.

“At first I wanted to repeat in the 200, 400 and 800,” she said.

“But I made up my mind to quit on Jan. 8, 1972. The practices weren’t fun anymore and had become drudgery. I knew the time had come for me to hang up my suit. My times were still competitive, but I can’t say how I might have done. There was a lot more competition in 1972. East Germany was just picking up and there was Shane Gould from Australia.”

In assessing her chances at the 1972 Games, Meyer took the humble route. Chavoor, who coached Mark Spitz to seven gold medals in Munich, had a different viewpoint. He did, however, understand Meyer’s reasoning for walking away. He said:

“She would have won. But the motivation was gone. At 16, she had hit the highest peak of any swimmer ever. She had reached the top.”

The achievements from Meyer’s career are numerous. In addition to her Olympic trifecta, she established a total of 15 world records over four events and became the first woman to break the 18-minute barrier in the 1500 freestyle. In 1968, she became the youngest winner of the James E. Sullivan Award, annually presented to the premier amateur athlete in the United States, and in 1977, she was inducted into the International Swimming Hall of Fame.

“I don’t think there’s any one thing (which stands out about my career). I think just the total package,” Meyer said. “I loved every minute of it, even the days when I hated working out. I’ve had great memories. I just hope I can keep them fresh.”