Swimming World Presents “Swimming Technique Concepts: Technique Similarities Across The Four Competitive Strokes” By Rod Havriluk

Swimming World March 2020 - Swimming Technique Concepts - Technique Similarities Across The Four Competitive Strokes

Swimming Technique Concepts: Technique Similarities Across The Four Competitive Strokes

By Rod Havriluk

Although there are obvious differences in technique elements across all four competitive strokes, there are many similarities. Knowing about the similarities can help swimmers better understand specific movements and, consequently, make technique improvements more quickly.

Similarity in elbow flexion
There are technique elements common to all four strokes. For example, the underwater backward arm motion begins with elbow flexion (Fig. 1). Elbow flexion immediately and demonstrably improves leverage and, consequently, increases propulsion.
Many swimmers fail to begin the pull with elbow flexion, resulting in wasted motion and excess shoulder stress. Understanding the similarity in the beginning of the pull across all four strokes may enable a swimmer to master the skill in one stroke and then transfer that ability to another stroke.

Similarity in elbow flexion to 90 degrees
As the arms move backward to the shoulders, there is another technique element common to all four strokes. When the arms are in the vertical plane of the shoulders (Fig. 2), the angle at the elbow is 90 degrees for a fraction of a second. Of course, different arm motions in each stroke are necessary to achieve the right angle, but a swimmer might learn to flex the elbow in one stroke and transfer that ability to other strokes. For example, once a swimmer learns to achieve the elbow flexion shown for butterfly, which is fairly common (far right), he or she can use that information to achieve the elbow flexion for freestyle, which is less common (far left).


The rest of the article continues on to address:

  • Similarity in head position: Free, fly, and breast
  • Similarity in arm entry: Free and back
  • Similarity in push phase: Free and fly
  • Difference in elbow flexion: Fly and breast

To access this month’s full Swimming Technique Concept on stroke similarities,
Check out the March issue of Swimming World Magazine- Available Now!

Swimming World March 2020 Cover - Louise Hansson
[ PHOTO BY PETER H. BICK ]

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FEATURES

016 CATCH CAL IF YOU CAN!
by Dan D’Addona
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020 MAY THE FOURTH BE WITH YOU
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023 THE BEST OF BOTH WORLDS
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Swedish swimmer Louise Hansson never envisioned herself swimming in college in the United States. But as she prepares for this month’s women’s NCAAs, the University of Southern California senior says that moving to the U.S. was the best thing she’s ever done.

026 TAKEOFF TO TOKYO: “WE WILL SMASH THEM LIKE GUITARS”
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COACHING

010 LESSONS WITH THE LEGENDS: CECIL COLWIN
by Michael J. Stott

014 SWIMMING TECHNIQUE CONCEPTS: TECHNIQUE SIMILARITIES ACROSS THE FOUR COMPETITIVE STROKES
by Rod Havriluk
Although there are obvious differences in technique elements across all four competitive strokes, there are many similarities. Knowing about the similarities can help swimmers better understand specific movements and, consequently, make technique improvements more quickly.

040 Q&A WITH COACH BILLY DOUGHTY
by Michael J. Stott

043 HOW THEY TRAIN LUCA URLANDO
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TRAINING

013 DRYSIDE TRAINING: STROKE STRENGTH SERIES—BACKSTROKE
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JUNIOR SWIMMER

045 UP & COMERS: JACE LLOYD
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008 A VOICE FOR THE SPORT 009 BEYOND THE YARDS

019 THE OFFICIAL WORD

032 2020 SWIM CAMP DIRECTORY 044 HASTY HIGH POINTERS

046 GUTTERTALK

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2 comments

  1. Kevin Bouchard

    Marie-Soleil Robinson Nadya Lefebvre Marion Barbé

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