Swimming World October 2021 Presents – Maximizing Swimming Velocity (Part 5): Minimizing The Arm Recovery Phase by Rod Havriluk

Swimming World October 2021 - Maximizing Swimming Velocity (Part 5) - Minimizing The Arm Recovery Phase by Rod Havriluk
FIG. 1 > Recovery phase time for elite male swimmers at sprint speed for all four competitive strokes.

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Swimming Technique Concepts

Maximizing Swimming Velocity (Part 5):
Minimizing The Arm Recovery Phase

By Rod Havriluk, Ph.D.

As shown in a previous “Swimming Technique Concepts” article (SW June 2021), when swimming velocity increases, the time of all four stroke cycle phases decreases. The greatest possible time decreases for additional swimming velocity increases are in the non-propulsive phases (entry and recovery). Strategies to minimize the entry phase were covered in previous articles (SW July and August 2021). This article includes strategies to minimize the recovery phase time of all four strokes.


RECOVERY PHASE

The recovery phase time at sprint speed is shown for elite male swimmers in Fig. 1 for butterfly (Seifert, Delignieres, Boulesteix & Chollet, 2007), backstroke (Chollet, Seifert & Carter, 2008), breaststroke (Leblanc, Seifert, Baudry & Chollet, 2005) and freestyle (Seifert, Chollet & Bardy, 2004). The graph shows that recovery time varied from less than 3-tenths of a second (for butterfly) to more than 6-tenths of a second (for backstroke).

 

Swimming World October 2021 - Maximizing Swimming Velocity (Part 5) - Minimizing The Arm Recovery Phase by Rod Havriluk - fig 2

 FIG. 2 > Butterflyers have an incentive to recover the arms quickly to submerge body segments and regain buoyancy.

BUTTERFLY
As shown in Fig. 1, butterflyers had the shortest recovery time. This is not surprising, when considering the incentive to recover fast due to the loss of buoyancy (see Fig. 2).

According to Archimedes’ principle, buoyant force depends on the weight of the displaced water, which, in turn, depends on the volume of the body below the surface.

When multiple body segments (i.e., head, arms and part of the torso for about one-third of the body volume) are elevated above the surface, there is a considerable loss in buoyant force.

In response, the body quickly sinks (i.e., submerges body volume) to regain buoyancy.

Consequently, a butterflyer has an incentive for a fast arm recovery to regain buoyancy and an effective body position.


To read more about minimizing the arm recovery phases for backstroke, breaststroke, and freestlye,
Click here to download the full October issue of Swimming World Magazine, available now!

 

Dr. Rod Havriluk is a sport scientist and consultant who specializes in swimming technique instruction and analysis. His newest ebooks in the “Approaching Perfect Swimming” series are “Optimal Stroke Technique” and “Swimming Without Pain,” and are available at swimmingtechnology.com. Contact Rod through info@swimmingtechnology.com. All scientific documentation relating to this article, including scientific principles, studies and research papers, can be provided upon demand.


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[PHOTO BY GEORGIO SCALIA / DEEPBLUEMEDIA]

 

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FEATURES

010     THE OLYMPIC “QUADRENNIUM:”  A LOOK BACK AND A LOOK AHEAD
by David Rieder
Swimming World reflects on the last five years since the last Olympic Games in Rio and ponders the questions that lie ahead during the next three years leading up to Paris 2024.

014     A CANADIAN SURGE
by Matthew De George
Swimmers from Canada exceeded expectations at the Tokyo Games. And the Canadian delegation showed that the future is as bright as the present, with prolific young talents on both sides of the competition.

020    ISHOF FEATURE: AQUATOTS MURDER CASE—THE KATHY TONGAY STORY (Part 1)
by Bruce Wigo
It is doubtful that in the annals of aquatic history, there has ever been an example of abusive parents like the story of “little Kathy Tongay.”

024    EXPECT GREAT THINGS!
by John Lohn
David Popovici just turned 17 years old, but the Romanian sprint freestyler appears poised to follow a path to prominence.

031    NUTRITION: KNOW THYSELF
by Dawn Weatherwax
Knowing your body composition can help you swim fast and stay healthy.

COACHING

029    BASIC DRYLAND TRAINING
by Michael J. Stott
A concentrated, ongoing strength and conditioning regimen provides a quality supplement to in-pool training, helping swimmers become stronger and faster. Coaches Ron and Rich Blanc of Santa Margarita Catholic High School in Southern California share last season’s dryland training schedule that helped his girls’ and boys’ teams become national powers.

030    WEIGHT ROOM COMMON SENSE
by J.R. Rosania

These “Do’s and Dont’s” are courtesy of exercise scientist J.R. Rosania, whose performance enhancement firm Healthplex serves multisport athletes worldwide.

034    SWIMMING TECHNIQUE CONCEPTS: MAXIMIZING SWIMMING VELOCITY (Part 5): MINIMIZING THE ARM RECOVERY PHASE
by Rod Havriluk
The greatest possible time decreases for additional swimming velocity increases are in the non-propulsive phases (entry and recovery). This article includes strategies to minimize the recovery phase time of all four strokes.

045    Q&A WITH COACHES RON & RICH BLANC
by Michael J. Stott

046   HOW THEY TRAIN MAGGIE McGUIRE & JACK NUGENT
by Michael J. Stott

TRAINING

033    DRYSIDE TRAINING:  BACK TO BASICS (Part 1)
by J.R. Rosania

JUNIOR SWIMMER

044   UP & COMERS:  MARYJANE (MJ) NEILSON
by Shoshanna Rutemiller

COLUMNS & SPECIAL SECTIONS

008    A VOICE FOR THE SPORT

009    DID YOU KNOW: ABOUT FAMOUS GUYS WHO GOLF?

016    HOLIDAY GIFT GUIDE

036   PREP SCHOOL DIRECTORY`

048   GUTTERTALK

049    PARTING SHOT

 

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